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Korean vs Chinese

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1 Countries
1.1 Countries
China, Jilin Province, North Korea, South Korea, Yanbian
China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Taiwan
1.2 Total No. Of Countries
Spanish
5
Rank: 10 (Overall)
5
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Bhojpuri
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1.4 National Language
North Korea, South Korea
China, Taiwan
1.5 Second Language
Not spoken in any of the countries
Republic of Brazil
1.6 Speaking Continents
Asia
Asia
1.7 Minority Language
Japan, People's Republic of China, Russia, United States of America
Indonesia, Malaysia
1.8 Regulated By
The National Institute of the Korean Language
Chinese Language Standardization Council, National Commission on Language and Script Work, Promote Mandarin Council
1.9 Interesting Facts
  • Korean has borrowed words from English and Chinese.
  • Korean has two counting systems. First, is based on Chinese characters and numbers are similar to Chinese numbers, and second counting system is from words unique to Korea.
  • Chinese language is tonal, since meaning of a word changes according to its tone.
  • In Chinese language, there is no grammatical distinction between singular or plural, no declination of verbs according to tense, mood and aspect.
1.10 Similar To
Chinese and Japanese languages
Not Available
1.11 Derived From
Not Available
Not Available
2 Alphabets
2.1 Alphabets in
2.2 Alphabets
Tamil
40
Rank: 21 (Overall)
26
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Irish
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2.4 Phonology
2.4.1 How Many Vowels
Thai
21
Rank: 18 (Overall)
24
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Hebrew
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2.4.3 How Many Consonants
Hmong
19
Rank: 9 (Overall)
23
Rank: 13 (Overall)
German
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3.4 Scripts
Hangul
Chinese Characters and derivatives
3.5 Writing Direction
Left-To-Right, Horizontal, Top-To-Bottom
Left-To-Right, Horizontal, Top-To-Bottom
3.6 Hard to Learn
3.6.1 Language Levels
Armenian
3
Rank: 2 (Overall)
6
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Bengali
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4.7.4 Time Taken to Learn
Chinese
88 weeks
Rank: 13 (Overall)
88 weeks
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Cebuano
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5 Greetings
5.1 Hello
안녕하세요. (annyeonghaseyo.)
您好 (Nín hǎo)
5.2 Thank You
감사합니다 (gamsahabnida)
谢谢 (Xièxiè)
5.3 How Are You?
어떻게 지내세요? (eotteohge jinaeseyo?)
你好吗? (Nǐ hǎo ma?)
5.4 Good Night
안녕히 주무세요 (annyeonghi jumuseyo)
晚安 (Wǎn'ān)
5.5 Good Evening
안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo.)
晚上好 (Wǎnshàng hǎo)
5.6 Good Afternoon
안녕하십니까 (annyeong hashimnikka)
下午好 (Xiàwǔ hǎo)
5.7 Good Morning
안녕히 주무셨어요 (An-yŏng-hi ju-mu-shŏ-ssŏ-yo)
早安 (Zǎo ān)
5.8 Please
하십시오 (hasibsio)
请 (Qǐng)
5.9 Sorry
죄송합니다 (joesonghabnida)
遗憾 (Yíhàn)
5.10 Bye
안녕 (annyeong)
再见 (Zàijiàn)
5.11 I Love You
당신을 사랑합니다 (dangsin-eul salanghabnida)
我爱你 (Wǒ ài nǐ)
5.12 Excuse Me
실례합니다 (sillyehabnida)
劳驾 (Láojià)
6 Dialects
6.1 Dialect 1
Jeju
Mandarin
6.1.1 Where They Speak
South Korea
China, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan
6.1.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
10,000.00
Rank: 49 (Overall)
960,000,000.00
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Macedonian
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6.2 Dialect 2
Gyeongsang
Wu
6.2.1 Where They Speak
South Korea
China, United States of America
6.2.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
10,000,000.00
Rank: 9 (Overall)
80,000,000.00
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Dzongkha
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6.3 Dialect 3
Hamgyŏng
Yue
6.3.1 Where They Speak
China, North Korea
China, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam
6.3.2 How Many People Speak
Swedish
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
60,000,000.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Romanian
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6.4 Total No. Of Dialects
English
12
Rank: 12 (Overall)
10
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Sanskrit
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7 How Many People Speak
7.1 How Many People Speak?
English
77.00 million
Rank: 22 (Overall)
1,051.00 million
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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7.2 Speaking Population
Croatian
1.14 %
Rank: 16 (Overall)
16.00 %
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Xhosa
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7.3 Native Speakers
Chinese
77.00 million
Rank: 12 (Overall)
873.00 million
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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7.3.1 Second Language Speakers
English
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
178.00 million
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Finnish
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7.3.2 Native Name
한국어 (조선말)
中文 (zhōngwén)
7.3.3 Alternative Names
Hanguk Mal, Hanguk Uh
Not Available
7.3.4 French Name
coréen
chinois
7.3.5 German Name
Koreanisch
Chinesisch
7.4 Pronunciation
Not Available
Not Available
7.5 Ethnicity
Koreans
Han
8 History
8.1 Origin
Before 1st century
1250 BC
8.2 Language Family
Koreanic Family
Sino-Tibetan Family
8.2.1 Subgroup
Not Available
Not Available
8.2.2 Branch
Not Available
Not Available
8.3 Language Forms
8.3.1 Early Forms
Old Korean, Middle Korean and Korean
No early forms
8.3.2 Standard Forms
Pluricentric Standard Korean, South Korean standard and North Korean standard
Standard Chinese
8.3.3 Language Position
Georgian
12
Rank: 11 (Overall)
1
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Chinese
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8.3.4 Signed Forms
Korean Sign Language
Wenfa Shouyu 文法手語 ("Grammatical Sign Language", Signed Mandarin (Taiwan))
8.4 Scope
Individual
Individual
9 Code
9.1 ISO 639 1
ko
zh
9.2 ISO 639 2
9.2.1 ISO 639 2/T
kor
zho
9.2.2 ISO 639 2/B
kor
chi
9.3 ISO 639 3
Kor
zho
9.4 ISO 639 6
Not Available
Not Available
9.5 Glottocode
kore1280
sini1245
9.6 Linguasphere
45-AAA
79-AAA
9.7 Types of Language
9.7.1 Language Type
Living
Living
9.7.2 Language Linguistic Typology
Subject-Object-Verb
Subject-Verb-Object
9.7.3 Language Morphological Typology
Agglutinative
Analytic, Isolating

Korean vs Chinese Speaking Countries

There are plenty of languages spoken around the world. Every country has its own official language. Compare Korean vs Chinese speaking countries, so that you will have total count of countries that speak Korean or Chinese language.

  • Korean is spoken as a national language in: North Korea, South Korea.
  • Chinese is spoken as a national language in: China, Taiwan.

You will also get to know the continents where Korean and Chinese speaking countries lie. Based on the number of people that speak these languages, the position of Korean language is 12 and position of Chinese language is 1. Find all the information about these languages on Korean and Chinese.

Korean and Chinese Language History

Comparison of Korean vs Chinese language history gives us differences between origin of Korean and Chinese language. History of Korean language states that this language originated in Before 1st century whereas history of Chinese language states that this language originated in 1250 BC. Family of the language also forms a part of history of that language. More on language families of these languages can be found out on Korean and Chinese Language History.

Korean and Chinese Greetings

People around the world use different languages to interact with each other. Even if we cannot communicate fluently in any language, it will always be beneficial to know about some of the common greetings or phrases from that language. This is where Korean and Chinese greetings helps you to understand basic phrases in Korean and Chinese language. Korean word for "Hello" is 안녕하세요. (annyeonghaseyo.) or Chinese word for "Thank You" is 谢谢 (Xièxiè). Find more of such common Korean Greetings and Chinese Greetings. These greetings will help you to be more confident when conversing with natives that speak these languages.

Korean vs Chinese Difficulty

The Korean vs Chinese difficulty level basically depends on the number of Korean Alphabets and Chinese Alphabets. Also the number of vowels and consonants in the language plays an important role in deciding the difficulty level of that language. The important points to be considered when we compare Korean and Chinese are the origin, speaking countries, language family, different greetings, speaking population of these languages. Want to know in Korean and Chinese, which language is harder to learn? Time required to learn Korean is 88 weeks while to learn Chinese time required is 88 weeks.

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