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Mongolian

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Mongolian vs Chinese

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1 Countries
1.1 Countries
China, Mongolia
China, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Taiwan
1.2 Total No. Of Countries
Spanish
2
Rank: 13 (Overall)
5
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Bhojpuri
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1.3 National Language
China, Mongolia
China, Taiwan
1.4 Second Language
Not spoken in any of the countries
Republic of Brazil
1.5 Speaking Continents
Asia
Asia
1.6 Minority Language
Not spoken in any of the countries
Indonesia, Malaysia
1.7 Regulated By
Council for Language and Literature Work, State Language Council (Mongolia)
Chinese Language Standardization Council, National Commission on Language and Script Work, Promote Mandarin Council
1.8 Interesting Facts
  • Mongolian was first written using Phagspa script in late 13th century.
  • There is no connection between Mongolian, Japanese and Korean, but still in terms of grammar and sentence structure they are very similar.
  • Chinese language is tonal, since meaning of a word changes according to its tone.
  • In Chinese language, there is no grammatical distinction between singular or plural, no declination of verbs according to tense, mood and aspect.
1.9 Similar To
Turkish Language
Not Available
1.10 Derived From
Not Available
Not Available
2 Alphabets
2.1 Alphabets in
2.2 Alphabets
Tamil
35
Rank: 17 (Overall)
26
Rank: 8 (Overall)
Irish
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2.3 Phonology
2.3.1 How Many Vowels
Thai
13
Rank: 10 (Overall)
24
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Hebrew
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2.3.2 How Many Consonants
Hmong
20
Rank: 10 (Overall)
23
Rank: 13 (Overall)
German
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2.4 Scripts
Mongolian alphabets: Traditional Mongolian script
Chinese Characters and derivatives
2.5 Writing Direction
Not Available
Left-To-Right, Horizontal, Top-To-Bottom
2.6 Hard to Learn
2.6.1 Language Levels
Armenian
3
Rank: 2 (Overall)
6
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Bengali
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2.6.2 Time Taken to Learn
Chinese
44 weeks
Rank: 11 (Overall)
88 weeks
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Cebuano
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3 Greetings
3.1 Hello
Сайн уу (Sain uu)
您好 (Nín hǎo)
3.2 Thank You
та бүхэнд баярлалаа (ta bükhend bayarlalaa)
谢谢 (Xièxiè)
3.3 How Are You?
Юу байна? (Yuu baina?)
你好吗? (Nǐ hǎo ma?)
3.4 Good Night
Сайн шөнийн (Sain shöniin)
晚安 (Wǎn'ān)
3.5 Good Evening
Сайн үдэш (Sain üdesh)
晚上好 (Wǎnshàng hǎo)
3.6 Good Afternoon
Сайн Үдээс хойш (Sain Üdees khoish)
下午好 (Xiàwǔ hǎo)
3.7 Good Morning
Өглөөний мэнд (Öglöönii mend)
早安 (Zǎo ān)
3.8 Please
Хэрэв (Kherev)
请 (Qǐng)
3.9 Sorry
Уучлаарай (Uuchlaarai)
遗憾 (Yíhàn)
3.10 Bye
Баяртай (Bayartai)
再见 (Zàijiàn)
3.11 I Love You
Би чамд хайртай (Bi chamd khairtai)
我爱你 (Wǒ ài nǐ)
3.12 Excuse Me
Өршөөгөөрэй (Örshöögöörei)
劳驾 (Láojià)
4 Dialects
4.1 Dialect 1
Khalkha Mongolian
Mandarin
4.1.1 Where They Speak
Mongolia
China, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan
4.1.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
960,000,000.00
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Macedonian
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4.2 Dialect 2
Ordos Mongolian
Wu
4.2.1 Where They Speak
Mongolia
China, United States of America
4.2.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
123,000.00
Rank: 34 (Overall)
80,000,000.00
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Dzongkha
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4.3 Dialect 3
Khorchin Mongolian
Yue
4.3.1 Where They Speak
Mongolia
China, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam
4.3.2 How Many People Speak
Swedish
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
60,000,000.00
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Romanian
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4.4 Total No. Of Dialects
English
8
Rank: 8 (Overall)
10
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Sanskrit
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5 How Many People Speak
5.1 How Many People Speak?
English
5.70 million
Rank: 68 (Overall)
1,051.00 million
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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5.2 Speaking Population
Croatian
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
16.00 %
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Xhosa
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5.3 Native Speakers
Chinese
5.70 million
Rank: 61 (Overall)
873.00 million
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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5.3.1 Second Language Speakers
English
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
178.00 million
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Finnish
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5.3.2 Native Name
монгол (mongol) монгол хэл (mongol hêl)
中文 (zhōngwén)
5.3.3 Alternative Names
Not Available
Not Available
5.3.4 French Name
mongol
chinois
5.3.5 German Name
Mongolisch
Chinesisch
5.4 Pronunciation
/mɔŋɢɔ̆ɮ xiɮ/
Not Available
5.5 Ethnicity
Not Available
Han
6 History
6.1 Origin
1224-1225
1250 BC
6.2 Language Family
Mongolic family
Sino-Tibetan Family
6.2.1 Subgroup
Mongolian
Not Available
6.2.2 Branch
Not Available
Not Available
6.3 Language Forms
6.3.1 Early Forms
Middle Mongolian, Classical Mongolian, Mongolian
No early forms
6.3.2 Standard Forms
Khalkha, Southern Mongolian
Standard Chinese
6.3.3 Language Position
Georgian
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
1
Rank: 1 (Overall)
Chinese
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6.3.4 Signed Forms
Mongolian Sign Language
Wenfa Shouyu 文法手語 ("Grammatical Sign Language", Signed Mandarin (Taiwan))
6.4 Scope
Macrolanguage
Individual
7 Code
7.1 ISO 639 1
mn
zh
7.2 ISO 639 2
7.2.1 ISO 639 2/T
mon
zho
7.2.2 ISO 639 2/B
mon
chi
7.3 ISO 639 3
mon
zho
7.4 ISO 639 6
Not Available
Not Available
7.5 Glottocode
mong1331
sini1245
7.6 Linguasphere
part of 44-BAA-b
79-AAA
7.7 Types of Language
7.7.1 Language Type
Living
Living
7.7.2 Language Linguistic Typology
Subject-Object-Verb
Subject-Verb-Object
7.7.3 Language Morphological Typology
Not Available
Analytic, Isolating

Mongolian vs Chinese Speaking Countries

There are plenty of languages spoken around the world. Every country has its own official language. Compare Mongolian vs Chinese speaking countries, so that you will have total count of countries that speak Mongolian or Chinese language.

  • Mongolian is spoken as a national language in: China, Mongolia.
  • Chinese is spoken as a national language in: China, Taiwan.

You will also get to know the continents where Mongolian and Chinese speaking countries lie. Based on the number of people that speak these languages, the position of Mongolian language is not available and position of Chinese language is 1. Find all the information about these languages on Mongolian and Chinese.

Mongolian and Chinese Language History

Comparison of Mongolian vs Chinese language history gives us differences between origin of Mongolian and Chinese language. History of Mongolian language states that this language originated in 1224-1225 whereas history of Chinese language states that this language originated in 1250 BC. Family of the language also forms a part of history of that language. More on language families of these languages can be found out on Mongolian and Chinese Language History.

Mongolian and Chinese Greetings

People around the world use different languages to interact with each other. Even if we cannot communicate fluently in any language, it will always be beneficial to know about some of the common greetings or phrases from that language. This is where Mongolian and Chinese greetings helps you to understand basic phrases in Mongolian and Chinese language. Mongolian word for "Hello" is Сайн уу (Sain uu) or Chinese word for "Thank You" is 谢谢 (Xièxiè). Find more of such common Mongolian Greetings and Chinese Greetings. These greetings will help you to be more confident when conversing with natives that speak these languages.

Mongolian vs Chinese Difficulty

The Mongolian vs Chinese difficulty level basically depends on the number of Mongolian Alphabets and Chinese Alphabets. Also the number of vowels and consonants in the language plays an important role in deciding the difficulty level of that language. The important points to be considered when we compare Mongolian and Chinese are the origin, speaking countries, language family, different greetings, speaking population of these languages. Want to know in Mongolian and Chinese, which language is harder to learn? Time required to learn Mongolian is 44 weeks while to learn Chinese time required is 88 weeks.