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Marathi vs Tamil

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1 Countries
1.1 Countries
Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Goa, India, Maharashtra
Malaysia, Mauritius, Puducherry, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu
1.2 Total No. Of Countries
Spanish
4
Rank: 11 (Overall)
6
Rank: 9 (Overall)
Bhojpuri
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1.3 National Language
India
Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu
1.4 Second Language
Andra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, kerala, Puducherry
1.5 Speaking Continents
Asia
Asia
1.6 Minority Language
Israel, Mauritius
Canada, Malaysia, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles
1.7 Regulated By
Maharashtra Sahitya Parishad
Official language Commission of Government of Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur Tamil University
1.8 Interesting Facts
  • Marathi ranks 4th in India based on the number of native speakers.
  • Marathi language has borrowed plenty of loanwords from Urdu, Persian, Arabic and Sanskrit.
  • Tamil is the oldest language in the world. Tamil was spoken in South India more than 5000 years ago.
  • The first legally recognized Classical Language of India is Tamil.
    1.9 Similar To
    Konkani Language
    Malayalam
    1.10 Derived From
    Sanskrit Language
    Not Available
    2 Alphabets
    2.1 Alphabets in
    2.2 Alphabets
    Tamil
    52
    Rank: 31 (Overall)
    247
    Rank: 41 (Overall)
    Irish
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    2.3 Phonology
    2.3.1 How Many Vowels
    Thai
    16
    Rank: 13 (Overall)
    12
    Rank: 9 (Overall)
    Hebrew
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    2.3.2 How Many Consonants
    Hmong
    36
    Rank: 26 (Overall)
    18
    Rank: 8 (Overall)
    German
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    2.4 Scripts
    Devanagari
    Tamil
    2.5 Writing Direction
    Left-To-Right, Horizontal
    Left-To-Right, Horizontal
    2.6 Hard to Learn
    2.6.1 Language Levels
    Armenian
    3
    Rank: 2 (Overall)
    3
    Rank: 2 (Overall)
    Bengali
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    2.6.2 Time Taken to Learn
    Chinese
    4 weeks
    Rank: 2 (Overall)
    44 weeks
    Rank: 11 (Overall)
    Cebuano
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    3 Greetings
    3.1 Hello
    हॅलो (Hĕlō)
    வணக்கம் (Vanakkam)
    3.2 Thank You
    धन्यवाद (Dhan'yavāda)
    நன்றி (Naṉṟi)
    3.3 How Are You?
    तू कसा आहेस? (Tū kasā āhēsa?)
    நீங்கள் எப்படி இருக்கிறீர்கள்? (Nīṅkaḷ eppaṭi irukkiṟīrkaḷ?)
    3.4 Good Night
    शुभ रात्री (Śubha rātrī)
    நல்ல இரவு (Good night) / irravu vanakkam (Good night)
    3.5 Good Evening
    चांगले संध्याकाळी (Cāṅgalē sandhyākāḷī)
    நல்ல மாலை (Nalla mālai)/ மாலை (irravu vanakkam)
    3.6 Good Afternoon
    शुभ दुपार (Śubha dupāra)
    பிற்பகல் வணக்கம் (perpagal vanakkam)
    3.7 Good Morning
    शुभ प्रभात (Śubha prabhāta)
    காலை வணக்கம் (Kaalai Vanakkam)
    3.8 Please
    कृपया (Kr̥payā)
    தயவு (Tayavu)
    3.9 Sorry
    क्षमस्व (Kṣamasva)
    மன்னிக்கவும் (Maṉṉikkavum)
    3.10 Bye
    बाय (Bāya)
    சென்று வருகிறேன் (Sendru Varukiren)
    3.11 I Love You
    मी तुझ्यावर प्रेम करतो (Mī tujhyāvara prēma karatō)
    நான் உன்னை காதலிக்கிறேன் (Naan Unnai Kadalikiren)
    3.12 Excuse Me
    मला माफ करा (Malā māpha karā)
    என்னை மன்னியுங்கள் (Eṉṉai maṉṉiyuṅkaḷ)
    4 Dialects
    4.1 Dialect 1
    Maharashtrian Konkani
    Kongu
    4.1.1 Where They Speak
    Kokan
    Kongu
    4.1.2 How Many People Speak
    Chinese
    2,400,000.00
    Rank: 23 (Overall)
    Not Available
    Rank: N/A (Overall)
    Macedonian
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    4.2 Dialect 2
    Varhadi
    Madurai Tamil
    4.2.1 Where They Speak
    Vidarbha
    Madurai, South Tamil Nadu
    4.2.2 How Many People Speak
    Chinese
    7,000,000.00
    Rank: 12 (Overall)
    Not Available
    Rank: N/A (Overall)
    Dzongkha
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    4.3 Dialect 3
    Khandeshi
    Tirunelveli Tamil
    4.3.1 Where They Speak
    Khandesh
    South Tamil Nadu, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli
    4.3.2 How Many People Speak
    Swedish
    1,900,000.00
    Rank: 15 (Overall)
    Not Available
    Rank: N/A (Overall)
    Romanian
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    4.4 Total No. Of Dialects
    English
    42
    Rank: 29 (Overall)
    10
    Rank: 10 (Overall)
    Sanskrit
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    5 How Many People Speak
    5.1 How Many People Speak?
    English
    71.00 million
    Rank: 25 (Overall)
    78.00 million
    Rank: 21 (Overall)
    Abkhaz
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    5.2 Speaking Population
    Croatian
    1.10 %
    Rank: 18 (Overall)
    1.06 %
    Rank: 19 (Overall)
    Xhosa
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    5.3 Native Speakers
    Chinese
    68.00 million
    Rank: 16 (Overall)
    70.00 million
    Rank: 15 (Overall)
    Abkhaz
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    5.3.1 Second Language Speakers
    English
    3.00 million
    Rank: 32 (Overall)
    8.00 million
    Rank: 24 (Overall)
    Finnish
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    5.3.2 Native Name
    मराठी (marāṭhī)
    தமிழ்
    5.3.3 Alternative Names
    Maharashtra, Maharathi, Malhatee, Marthi, Muruthu
    Damulian, Tamal, Tamalsan, Tambul, Tamili
    5.3.4 French Name
    marathe
    tamoul
    5.3.5 German Name
    Marathi
    Tamil
    5.4 Pronunciation
    [məˈɾaʈʰi]
    [t̪ɐmɨɻ]
    5.5 Ethnicity
    Marathi people
    Tamil people or Tamilans
    6 History
    6.1 Origin
    10th century
    300 BC
    6.2 Language Family
    Indo-European Family
    Dravidian Family
    6.2.1 Subgroup
    Indo-Iranian
    Not Available
    6.2.2 Branch
    Indic
    Not Available
    6.3 Language Forms
    6.3.1 Early Forms
    Maharashtri Prakrit
    Old Tamil and Middle Tamil
    6.3.2 Standard Forms
    Marathi
    Modern Tamil
    6.3.3 Language Position
    Georgian
    17
    Rank: 15 (Overall)
    18
    Rank: 16 (Overall)
    Chinese
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    6.3.4 Signed Forms
    Indian Signing System (ISS)
    Signed Tamil
    6.4 Scope
    Individual
    Individual
    7 Code
    7.1 ISO 639 1
    mr
    ta
    7.2 ISO 639 2
    7.2.1 ISO 639 2/T
    mar
    tam
    7.2.2 ISO 639 2/B
    mar
    tam
    7.3 ISO 639 3
    mar
    tam
    7.4 ISO 639 6
    Not Available
    tam
    7.5 Glottocode
    mara1378
    tami1289, oldt1248
    7.6 Linguasphere
    omr
    tami1289
    7.7 Types of Language
    7.7.1 Language Type
    Living
    Living
    7.7.2 Language Linguistic Typology
    Subject-Object-Verb
    Subject-Object-Verb
    7.7.3 Language Morphological Typology
    Not Available
    Not Available

    Marathi vs Tamil Speaking Countries

    There are plenty of languages spoken around the world. Every country has its own official language. Compare Marathi vs Tamil speaking countries, so that you will have total count of countries that speak Marathi or Tamil language.

    • Marathi is spoken as a national language in: India.
    • Tamil is spoken as a national language in: Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu.

    You will also get to know the continents where Marathi and Tamil speaking countries lie. Based on the number of people that speak these languages, the position of Marathi language is 17 and position of Tamil language is 18. Find all the information about these languages on Marathi and Tamil.

    Marathi and Tamil Language History

    Comparison of Marathi vs Tamil language history gives us differences between origin of Marathi and Tamil language. History of Marathi language states that this language originated in 10th century whereas history of Tamil language states that this language originated in 300 BC. Family of the language also forms a part of history of that language. More on language families of these languages can be found out on Marathi and Tamil Language History.

    Marathi and Tamil Greetings

    People around the world use different languages to interact with each other. Even if we cannot communicate fluently in any language, it will always be beneficial to know about some of the common greetings or phrases from that language. This is where Marathi and Tamil greetings helps you to understand basic phrases in Marathi and Tamil language. Marathi word for "Hello" is हॅलो (Hĕlō) or Tamil word for "Thank You" is நன்றி (Naṉṟi). Find more of such common Marathi Greetings and Tamil Greetings. These greetings will help you to be more confident when conversing with natives that speak these languages.

    Marathi vs Tamil Difficulty

    The Marathi vs Tamil difficulty level basically depends on the number of Marathi Alphabets and Tamil Alphabets. Also the number of vowels and consonants in the language plays an important role in deciding the difficulty level of that language. The important points to be considered when we compare Marathi and Tamil are the origin, speaking countries, language family, different greetings, speaking population of these languages. Want to know in Marathi and Tamil, which language is harder to learn? Time required to learn Marathi is 4 weeks while to learn Tamil time required is 44 weeks.