About Tamil Language

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1 Countries
1.1 Countries
Malaysia, Mauritius, Puducherry, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu
1.2 Total No. Of Countries
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Rank: 9 (Overall)
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1.3 National Language
Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu
1.4 Second Language
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, kerala, Puducherry
1.5 Speaking Continents
1.6 Minority Language
Canada, Malaysia, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles
1.7 Regulated By
Official language Commission of Government of Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur Tamil University
1.8 Interesting Facts
  • Tamil is the oldest language in the world. Tamil was spoken in South India more than 5000 years ago.
  • The first legally recognized Classical Language of India is Tamil.
    1.9 Similar To
    1.10 Derived From
    Not Available
    2 Alphabets
    2.1 Alphabets in
    2.2 Alphabets
    About Tamil Lan..
    Rank: 41 (Overall)
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    2.3 Phonology
    2.3.1 How Many Vowels
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    Rank: 9 (Overall)
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    2.3.2 How Many Consonants
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    Rank: 8 (Overall)
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    2.4 Scripts
    2.5 Writing Direction
    Left-To-Right, Horizontal
    2.6 Hard to Learn
    2.6.1 Language Levels
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    Rank: 2 (Overall)
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    2.6.2 Time Taken to Learn
    About Chinese L..
    44 weeks
    Rank: 11 (Overall)
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    3 Greetings
    3.1 Hello
    வணக்கம் (Vanakkam)
    3.2 Thank You
    நன்றி (Naṉṟi)
    3.3 How Are You?
    நீங்கள் எப்படி இருக்கிறீர்கள்? (Nīṅkaḷ eppaṭi irukkiṟīrkaḷ?)
    3.4 Good Night
    நல்ல இரவு (Good night) / irravu vanakkam (Good night)
    3.5 Good Evening
    நல்ல மாலை (Nalla mālai)/ மாலை (irravu vanakkam)
    3.6 Good Afternoon
    பிற்பகல் வணக்கம் (perpagal vanakkam)
    3.7 Good Morning
    காலை வணக்கம் (Kaalai Vanakkam)
    3.8 Please
    தயவு (Tayavu)
    3.9 Sorry
    மன்னிக்கவும் (Maṉṉikkavum)
    3.10 Bye
    சென்று வருகிறேன் (Sendru Varukiren)
    3.11 I Love You
    நான் உன்னை காதலிக்கிறேன் (Naan Unnai Kadalikiren)
    3.12 Excuse Me
    என்னை மன்னியுங்கள் (Eṉṉai maṉṉiyuṅkaḷ)
    4 Dialects
    4.1 Dialect 1
    4.1.1 Where They Speak
    4.1.2 How Many People Speak
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    Not Available
    Rank: N/A (Overall)
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    4.2 Dialect 2
    Madurai Tamil
    4.2.1 Where They Speak
    Madurai, South Tamil Nadu
    4.2.2 How Many People Speak
    About Chinese L..
    Not Available
    Rank: N/A (Overall)
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    4.3 Dialect 3
    Tirunelveli Tamil
    4.3.1 Where They Speak
    South Tamil Nadu, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli
    4.3.2 How Many People Speak
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    Rank: N/A (Overall)
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    4.4 Total No. Of Dialects
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    Rank: 10 (Overall)
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    5 How Many People Speak
    5.1 How Many People Speak?
    About English L..
    78.00 million
    Rank: 21 (Overall)
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    5.2 Speaking Population
    About Croatian ..
    1.06 %
    Rank: 19 (Overall)
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    5.3 Native Speakers
    About Chinese L..
    70.00 million
    Rank: 15 (Overall)
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    5.3.1 Second Language Speakers
    About English L..
    8.00 million
    Rank: 24 (Overall)
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    5.3.2 Native Name
    5.3.3 Alternative Names
    Damulian, Tamal, Tamalsan, Tambul, Tamili
    5.3.4 French Name
    5.3.5 German Name
    5.4 Pronunciation
    5.5 Ethnicity
    Tamil people or Tamilans
    6 History
    6.1 Origin
    300 BC
    6.2 Language Family
    Dravidian Family
    6.2.1 Subgroup
    Not Available
    6.2.2 Branch
    Not Available
    6.3 Language Forms
    6.3.1 Early Forms
    Old Tamil and Middle Tamil
    6.3.2 Standard Forms
    Modern Tamil
    6.3.3 Language Position
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    6.3.4 Signed Forms
    Signed Tamil
    6.4 Scope
    7 Code
    7.1 ISO 639 1
    7.2 ISO 639 2
    7.2.1 ISO 639 2/T
    7.2.2 ISO 639 2/B
    7.3 ISO 639 3
    7.4 ISO 639 6
    7.5 Glottocode
    tami1289, oldt1248
    7.6 Linguasphere
    7.7 Types of Language
    7.7.1 Language Type
    7.7.2 Language Linguistic Typology
    7.7.3 Language Morphological Typology
    Not Available

    Know Alphabets in Tamil

    When you start learning to write in any language the Alphabets form a skeleton of any language. Let's talk About Tamil Language, where you will learn the number of letter in Tamil Alphabets. Every language has its own set of alphabets or characters so it is necessary to know alphabets in Tamil. Tamil phonology gives Tamil vowels and Tamil consonants. There are 12 vowels and 18 consonants in Tamil language. Based upon the number of alphabet, vowels and consonants in the language we can check if Tamil is one of the Most Difficult Languages. All about Tamil language is given in detail in this section.

    All Tamil countries

    Want to explore all Tamil countries? About Tamil language serves you with all Tamil Speaking Countries. Countries that use Tamil as official language are called as Tamil countries.

    • Countries that use Tamil as their National Language are: Singapore, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu.

    Second language indicates to any language which the person learns in addition to first or native language.

    • Countries that use Tamil as second language are: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, kerala, Puducherry.

    You can also go through all European Languages and explore more about their speaking population, alphabets, greetings, dialects and many more.

    Learn Tamil greetings

    Languages are used by every human being to communicate. And communication begins with the greetings. First step to form any interaction is to learn Tamil Greetings. Whenever you are travelling to new country where in you don’t know the local language of that country then you should at least be familiar with some greetings to start any formal or informal conversion. When we talk about Tamil language, we are always interested in learning useful phrases in Tamil language.Learn Tamil greetings that can be used in formal situations:

    • Hello: வணக்கம் (Vanakkam)
    • Thank you: நன்றி (Naṉṟi)
    • Good Morning: காலை வணக்கம் (Kaalai Vanakkam)
    • Good Evening: நல்ல மாலை (Nalla mālai)/ மாலை (irravu vanakkam)
    • Good Afternoon: பிற்பகல் வணக்கம் (perpagal vanakkam)

    All Tamil Language Codes

    Get to know all Tamil language codes here. There are several languages spoken all over the world where in most of the languages have alternate names which come from diverse sources. All Tamil Language Codes are assigned with unique code. There is usually two or three letters code for each language. In most of the applications, these language codes are used where it is tedious to use language names.