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Pashto

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Pashto vs Kurdish

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1 Countries
1.1 Countries
Afganistan
Iraq, Kurdistan
1.2 Total No. Of Countries
Spanish
1
Rank: 14 (Overall)
2
Rank: 13 (Overall)
Bhojpuri
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1.3 National Language
Afganistan, Pakistan, Pashtun diaspora
Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey
1.4 Second Language
Not spoken in any of the countries
Not spoken in any of the countries
1.5 Speaking Continents
Asia
Middle East
1.6 Minority Language
Pakistan
Not spoken in any of the countries
1.7 Regulated By
Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan, Pashto Academy (Pakistan)
Not Available
1.8 Interesting Facts
  • Pashto language is originated in the regions of Paktika and Paktia areas of Afghanistan.
  • The first Pashto poem was written in the 7th century.
  • The vocabulary in Kurdish is of Iranian origin.
  • In the middle East, Kurdish is the fourth largest ethnic group.
1.9 Similar To
Persian and Balochi Languages
Farsi Language
1.10 Derived From
Not Available
Not Available
2 Alphabets
2.1 Alphabets in
2.2 Alphabets
Tamil
44
Rank: 24 (Overall)
33
Rank: 15 (Overall)
Irish
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2.3 Phonology
2.3.1 How Many Vowels
Thai
7
Rank: 4 (Overall)
8
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Hebrew
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2.3.2 How Many Consonants
Hmong
29
Rank: 19 (Overall)
29
Rank: 19 (Overall)
German
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2.4 Scripts
Arabic
Arabic, Cyrillic, Latin
2.5 Writing Direction
Right-To-Left, Horizontal
Right-To-Left, Horizontal
2.6 Hard to Learn
2.6.1 Language Levels
Armenian
3
Rank: 2 (Overall)
4
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Bengali
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2.6.2 Time Taken to Learn
Chinese
44 weeks
Rank: 11 (Overall)
4 weeks
Rank: 2 (Overall)
Cebuano
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3 Greetings
3.1 Hello
(salaam) سلام
Silaw
3.2 Thank You
(manana) مننه (tashakor) تشكر
Sipas
3.3 How Are You?
(ta sanga yee?) څنگه يې؟
Tu çawa yî?
3.4 Good Night
(shpa mo pa kheyr) شپه مو په خير
Şev xweş
3.5 Good Evening
(maakhaam mo pa kheyr) ماښام مو په خير
Evare baş
3.6 Good Afternoon
(wradz mo pa kheyr) ورځ مو په خير
Nee-wa-rowt bash
3.7 Good Morning
(sahr pikheyr) سحر پخير‏
Bayanit bash
3.8 Please
(lotfan) لطفا
Bê zehmet
3.9 Sorry
(zeh mutaasif yum) زه هتاسف يم
Bibûre
3.10 Bye
(da khoday pa amaan) دخداى په امان
Be xêr çî
3.11 I Love You
زه ستا سره مينه کوم (za la ta sara meena kawom)
Ez te hez dikem
3.12 Excuse Me
(bakhena ghwaarum) بخښنه غواړم
Bê zehmet
4 Dialects
4.1 Dialect 1
Central Pashto
Northern Kurdish
4.1.1 Where They Speak
Afganistan, Pakistan
northern Iraq, northern Syria, northwest Iran, southeast Turkey
4.1.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
6,500,000.00
Rank: 14 (Overall)
20,000,000.00
Rank: 10 (Overall)
Macedonian
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4.2 Dialect 2
Northern Pashto
Central Kurdish
4.2.1 Where They Speak
Afganistan, Pakistan
Iraq, Kurdistan Province of western Iran
4.2.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
21,000,000.00
Rank: 4 (Overall)
5,000,000.00
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Dzongkha
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4.3 Dialect 3
Wanetsi
Southern Kurdish
4.3.1 Where They Speak
Afganistan, Pakistan
Eastern Iraq
4.3.2 How Many People Speak
Swedish
95,000.00
Rank: 29 (Overall)
3,000,000.00
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Romanian
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4.4 Total No. Of Dialects
English
21
Rank: 19 (Overall)
3
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Sanskrit
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5 How Many People Speak
5.1 How Many People Speak?
English
60.00 million
Rank: 27 (Overall)
28.00 million
Rank: 38 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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5.2 Speaking Population
Croatian
0.58 %
Rank: 26 (Overall)
0.31 %
Rank: 39 (Overall)
Xhosa
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5.3 Native Speakers
Chinese
60.00 million
Rank: 20 (Overall)
21.00 million
Rank: 36 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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5.3.1 Second Language Speakers
English
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Finnish
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5.3.2 Native Name
(paṧto) پښتو
Kurdí / کوردی / к’öрди
5.3.3 Alternative Names
Kandahar Pashto, Qandahar Pashto, Southwestern Pashto, Pushto
Not Available
5.3.4 French Name
pachto
kurde
5.3.5 German Name
Paschtu
Kurdisch
5.4 Pronunciation
[ˈpəʂt̪oː], [ˈpʊxt̪oː]
Not Available
5.5 Ethnicity
Pashtun
Kurds
6 History
6.1 Origin
1651
16th century CE
6.2 Language Family
Indo-European Family
Indo-European Family
6.2.1 Subgroup
Indo-Iranian
Indo-Iranian
6.2.2 Branch
Iranian
Not Available
6.3 Language Forms
6.3.1 Early Forms
No early forms
Not Available
6.3.2 Standard Forms
Central Pashto, Northern Pashto, Yusufzai Pashto, Southern Pashto
Kurdish
6.3.3 Language Position
Georgian
82
Rank: 54 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Chinese
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6.3.4 Signed Forms
Not Available
Not Available
6.4 Scope
Individual
Macrolanguage
7 Code
7.1 ISO 639 1
ps
ku
7.2 ISO 639 2
7.2.1 ISO 639 2/T
pus
kur
7.2.2 ISO 639 2/B
pus
kur
7.3 ISO 639 3
pus
kur
7.4 ISO 639 6
Not Available
Not Available
7.5 Glottocode
pash1269
kurd1259
7.6 Linguasphere
58-ABD-a
58-AAA-a
7.7 Types of Language
7.7.1 Language Type
Living
Living
7.7.2 Language Linguistic Typology
Subject-Object-Verb
Subject-Object-Verb
7.7.3 Language Morphological Typology
Fusional
Not Available

Pashto vs Kurdish Speaking Countries

There are plenty of languages spoken around the world. Every country has its own official language. Compare Pashto vs Kurdish speaking countries, so that you will have total count of countries that speak Pashto or Kurdish language.

  • Pashto is spoken as a national language in: Afganistan, Pakistan, Pashtun diaspora.
  • Kurdish is spoken as a national language in: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey.

You will also get to know the continents where Pashto and Kurdish speaking countries lie. Based on the number of people that speak these languages, the position of Pashto language is 82 and position of Kurdish language is not available. Find all the information about these languages on Pashto and Kurdish.

Pashto and Kurdish Language History

Comparison of Pashto vs Kurdish language history gives us differences between origin of Pashto and Kurdish language. History of Pashto language states that this language originated in 1651 whereas history of Kurdish language states that this language originated in 16th century CE. Family of the language also forms a part of history of that language. More on language families of these languages can be found out on Pashto and Kurdish Language History.

Pashto and Kurdish Greetings

People around the world use different languages to interact with each other. Even if we cannot communicate fluently in any language, it will always be beneficial to know about some of the common greetings or phrases from that language. This is where Pashto and Kurdish greetings helps you to understand basic phrases in Pashto and Kurdish language. Pashto word for "Hello" is (salaam) سلام or Kurdish word for "Thank You" is Sipas. Find more of such common Pashto Greetings and Kurdish Greetings. These greetings will help you to be more confident when conversing with natives that speak these languages.

Pashto vs Kurdish Difficulty

The Pashto vs Kurdish difficulty level basically depends on the number of Pashto Alphabets and Kurdish Alphabets. Also the number of vowels and consonants in the language plays an important role in deciding the difficulty level of that language. The important points to be considered when we compare Pashto and Kurdish are the origin, speaking countries, language family, different greetings, speaking population of these languages. Want to know in Pashto and Kurdish, which language is harder to learn? Time required to learn Pashto is 44 weeks while to learn Kurdish time required is 4 weeks.