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Turkish vs Persian

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1 Countries
1.1 Countries
Azerbaijan, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Iraq, Kosovo, Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Romania, Turkey
Afganistan, Iran, Tajikistan
1.2 Total No. Of Countries
Spanish
11
Rank: 5 (Overall)
3
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Bhojpuri
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1.3 National Language
Turkey
Afganistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
1.4 Second Language
Not spoken in any of the countries
Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
1.5 Speaking Continents
Asia, Europe
Asia
1.6 Minority Language
Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Iraq, Kosovo, Macedonia, Romania
Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
1.7 Regulated By
Turkish Language Association
Academy of Persian Language and Literature (فرهنگستان زبان و اد, Academy of Sciences of Afghanistan
1.8 Interesting Facts
  • Turkish language oldest written records are found upon stone monuments in Central Asia, in Orhun, Yenisey and Talas regions.
  • Turkish language was developed in the Middle East, streching all the way to Eastern Europe.
  • In Iran, Parsi language is known as Farsi, while in Afghanistan Persian language is known as Dari.
  • Persian language has borrowed many loanwords from the Arabic language.
1.9 Similar To
Azerbaijani Language
Pashto and Balochi Languages
1.10 Derived From
Not Available
Arabic Language
2 Alphabets
2.1 Alphabets in
2.2 Alphabets
Tamil
29
Rank: 11 (Overall)
32
Rank: 14 (Overall)
Irish
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2.3 Phonology
2.3.1 How Many Vowels
Thai
8
Rank: 5 (Overall)
6
Rank: 3 (Overall)
Hebrew
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2.3.2 How Many Consonants
Hmong
21
Rank: 11 (Overall)
23
Rank: 13 (Overall)
German
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2.4 Scripts
Latin
Arabic
2.5 Writing Direction
Left-To-Right, Horizontal
Right-To-Left, Horizontal
2.6 Hard to Learn
2.6.1 Language Levels
Armenian
6
Rank: 5 (Overall)
6
Rank: 5 (Overall)
Bengali
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2.6.2 Time Taken to Learn
Chinese
44 weeks
Rank: 11 (Overall)
44 weeks
Rank: 11 (Overall)
Cebuano
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3 Greetings
3.1 Hello
Merhaba
سلام
3.2 Thank You
teşekkür ederim
متشکرم
3.3 How Are You?
Nasılsın?
چطور هستید?
3.4 Good Night
İyi Geceler
شب بخیر
3.5 Good Evening
İyi Akşamlar
عصر بخیر
3.6 Good Afternoon
Tünaydın
بعد از ظهر بخیر
3.7 Good Morning
günaydın
صبح به خیر
3.8 Please
lütfen
لطفا
3.9 Sorry
üzgünüm
متاسف
3.10 Bye
Hoşçakal
خدا حافظ
3.11 I Love You
Seni seviyorum
من شما را دوست دارم
3.12 Excuse Me
Afedersiniz
ببخشيد!
4 Dialects
4.1 Dialect 1
Azerbaijani Turkish
Western Persian
4.1.1 Where They Speak
Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Russia, Syria, Turkey
Iran, Iraq
4.1.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
26,000,000.00
Rank: 9 (Overall)
47,000,000.00
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Macedonian
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4.2 Dialect 2
Crimean Turkish
Dari Persian
4.2.1 Where They Speak
Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan
Afganistan
4.2.2 How Many People Speak
Chinese
480,000.00
Rank: 29 (Overall)
12,500,000.00
Rank: 7 (Overall)
Dzongkha
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4.3 Dialect 3
Gagauz
Tajik Persian
4.3.1 Where They Speak
Moldova, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
4.3.2 How Many People Speak
Swedish
140,000.00
Rank: 26 (Overall)
7,900,000.00
Rank: 6 (Overall)
Romanian
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4.4 Total No. Of Dialects
English
9
Rank: 9 (Overall)
12
Rank: 12 (Overall)
Sanskrit
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5 How Many People Speak
5.1 How Many People Speak?
English
75.00 million
Rank: 23 (Overall)
65.00 million
Rank: 26 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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5.2 Speaking Population
Croatian
0.95 %
Rank: 21 (Overall)
0.99 %
Rank: 20 (Overall)
Xhosa
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5.3 Native Speakers
Chinese
60.00 million
Rank: 20 (Overall)
65.00 million
Rank: 17 (Overall)
Abkhaz
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5.3.1 Second Language Speakers
English
15.00 million
Rank: 18 (Overall)
Not Available
Rank: N/A (Overall)
Finnish
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5.3.2 Native Name
Türkçe
فارسی
5.3.3 Alternative Names
Anatolian, Türkisch
New Persian, Parsi, Persian, West Persian
5.3.4 French Name
turc
persan
5.3.5 German Name
Türkisch
Persisch
5.4 Pronunciation
[ˈtyɾct͡ʃɛ]
[fɒːɾˈsiː]
5.5 Ethnicity
Turkish
Persian people
6 History
6.1 Origin
c. 1350
1500 BC
6.2 Language Family
Turkic Family
Indo-European Family
6.2.1 Subgroup
Turkic
Indo-Iranian
6.2.2 Branch
Southwestern(Oghuz)
Iranian
6.3 Language Forms
6.3.1 Early Forms
Old Anatalian Turkish, Ottoman Turkish and Turkish
Old Persian and Middle Persian
6.3.2 Standard Forms
Ottoman Turkish(defunct)
Persian
6.3.3 Language Position
Georgian
19
Rank: 17 (Overall)
23
Rank: 19 (Overall)
Chinese
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6.3.4 Signed Forms
Turkish Sign Language
Persian Sign Language
6.4 Scope
Individual
Individual
7 Code
7.1 ISO 639 1
tr
fa
7.2 ISO 639 2
7.2.1 ISO 639 2/T
tur
fas
7.2.2 ISO 639 2/B
tur
per
7.3 ISO 639 3
tur
pes
7.4 ISO 639 6
Not Available
Not Available
7.5 Glottocode
nucl1301
fars1254
7.6 Linguasphere
44-AAB-a
58-AAC-c
7.7 Types of Language
7.7.1 Language Type
Living
Living
7.7.2 Language Linguistic Typology
Subject-Object-Verb
Subject-Object-Verb
7.7.3 Language Morphological Typology
Synthetic
Synthetic

Turkish vs Persian Speaking Countries

There are plenty of languages spoken around the world. Every country has its own official language. Compare Turkish vs Persian speaking countries, so that you will have total count of countries that speak Turkish or Persian language.

  • Turkish is spoken as a national language in: Turkey.
  • Persian is spoken as a national language in: Afganistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.

You will also get to know the continents where Turkish and Persian speaking countries lie. Based on the number of people that speak these languages, the position of Turkish language is 19 and position of Persian language is 23. Find all the information about these languages on Turkish and Persian.

Turkish and Persian Language History

Comparison of Turkish vs Persian language history gives us differences between origin of Turkish and Persian language. History of Turkish language states that this language originated in c. 1350 whereas history of Persian language states that this language originated in 1500 BC. Family of the language also forms a part of history of that language. More on language families of these languages can be found out on Turkish and Persian Language History.

Turkish and Persian Greetings

People around the world use different languages to interact with each other. Even if we cannot communicate fluently in any language, it will always be beneficial to know about some of the common greetings or phrases from that language. This is where Turkish and Persian greetings helps you to understand basic phrases in Turkish and Persian language. Turkish word for "Hello" is Merhaba or Persian word for "Thank You" is متشکرم. Find more of such common Turkish Greetings and Persian Greetings. These greetings will help you to be more confident when conversing with natives that speak these languages.

Turkish vs Persian Difficulty

The Turkish vs Persian difficulty level basically depends on the number of Turkish Alphabets and Persian Alphabets. Also the number of vowels and consonants in the language plays an important role in deciding the difficulty level of that language. The important points to be considered when we compare Turkish and Persian are the origin, speaking countries, language family, different greetings, speaking population of these languages. Want to know in Turkish and Persian, which language is harder to learn? Time required to learn Turkish is 44 weeks while to learn Persian time required is 44 weeks.

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